Energy Sciences Network (ESnet)

ESnet, NERSC and FRIB Collaboration Via 100-gigabit-per-second Data Connection

A technical evaluation using data from a recent scientific-user experiment demonstrated how the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) enables Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) scientists to send large amounts of data across the country, analyze it in near real-time, and return results, enabling quicker data-informed experimental choices. The high-speed network is funded by the DOE Office of Science (DOE-SC).

Scientific-user experiments performed at FRIB can take a significant amount of data, which requires considerable computing resources to interpret.

FRIB is located at Michigan State University (MSU), while the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), one of DOE-SC’s primary scientific computing facilities, is housed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) in California—2,320 miles apart. Previously, if you wanted to integrate the two facilities for your work, you were out of luck.

Enter ESnet, a science research network that can move data at the speed of science. FRIB’s recent 100-gigabit-per-second connection to the ESnet backbone—4,000 times faster than typical 25-megabit-per-second (Mbps) home Internet—allowed ultra-high-speed transfers of terabytes of research data between where the experiment was performed (FRIB) and where it can be analyzed rapidly (NERSC). This instance was the first time at FRIB that scientists used an analysis model to take advantage of capabilities provided at other locations outside MSU to do data analysis faster than could be done locally, and other FRIB scientific users are enthusiastic about the network’s potential to speed their analysis of large quantities of data.

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